To assist you, we have provided a known standard for the instrument you selected the scale length text boxes if that information is available. If there is no information available for that instrument or you do not want to use our suggested standard, please change the numerical values in the text box provided. Here are some examples of standards that scale length standards for use as a reference:
Electric Guitar — 25.5 inches / 648mm
Electric Long Scale Bass — 34 inches / 864mm
Tenor Ukulele — 17 inches / 432 mm
Mandolin — 13.875 inches / 352mm
5-String Banjo — 5th string - 19.625 inches / 498mm
4th-1st string- 26.25 inches / 667mm
Note — You may switch between the units of measure that you are comfortable with by using the radial buttons marked in (inches) and mm (millimeters). You may also use as many numbers after the decimal points as you are comfortable providing.
Here are examples of standard tunings for popular instruments and their corresponding note / octave combinations to use as a reference:
Note — the tuning is listed from lowest note to the highest note left to right:
Guitar —E2, A2, D3, G3, B3, E4
Bass —E1, A1, D1, G2
Ukulele — G4, C4, E4, A4
Banjo — G4, D3, G3, B3, D4
Mandolin — In 4 courses - G3, D4, A4, E5
Guitar Ball End — Used with standard acoustic or electric guitar bridges.
Bass Ball End — Used with standard bass guitar bridges
No End — Used for instrument where you tie the end onto the instrument. Used on classical guitars and some world instruments that use nylon based strings.
Nylon Ball End — Also known as a swedge, this special brass ball end is applied to some nylon strings for use on Classical guitars.
Loop End — Used for instruments that have slot or peg that the loop can be placed over such as banjos and mandolins.
Double Ball End — Used on Steinberger TransTrem instruments that require strings with a predetermined length calibrated to work with that instruments tuning system.
Round Wound — Refers to a string wound with round wrap wire around the core. This is the most common and popular form of string construction and the most familiar feel to most players.
Half Rounds — Refers to strings that first starts out as traditional round wound construction and then is precision ground, carefully removing the tops of the windings through our unique centerless grinding technique for feel similar to flat wounds but with the flexibility and tension of a round wound string.
Lightly Polished — Refers to a round silverplated copper wire wound onto a multifilament core which is lightly polished for reduced finger noise.
Semi-Polished — Refers to winding a flattened silver plated copper wire wound onto a multifilament core of a classical string which is then polished to a smooth surface that resembles a flat wound guitar or bass string.
Flat Wound — Refers to winding a flattened stainless steel ribbon wire onto the core of a string which is then polished to a smooth surface.
Homogenous — Singular material type that are also considered unwound strings. This type of string includes monofilament nylon and plain steel loop end and ball end strings.
Wound String Materials
80/20 Bronze — Composed of 80% copper and 20% zinc, commonly referred to as brass. This is the original acoustic string alloy selected by John D'Addario Sr. and John D'Angelico in the 1930's and is a popular choice for recording due to its crisp, deep and projecting tone.
Phosphor Bronze — 92% copper and 8% tin with phosphorous, introduced to string making by D'Addario in 1974. This alloy is synonymous with warm, bright, and well balanced acoustic tone.
Silver-plated Copper —Warm, acoustically rich copper which is plated with ultra-smooth silver for the ideal classical guitar tone.
ProSteel — D'Addario's unique ProSteels alloy is our brightest and most corrosion resistant wire. ProSteels are preferred by many rock/metal, country and jazz players for their super-bright, crunchy tone and highly textured feel.
Nickel-plated Steel — The industry standard for electric guitar and D'Addario's most popular electric strings. Nickel-plated steel offers perfect balance of dynamic magnetism and smooth, comfortable feel. Their distinctive bright tone is extremely versatile for all styles of music.
NYXL Nickel — Reformulated nickelplated string windings with greater magnetic properties resulting in higher output and enhanced mid-range frequency response for more presence and crunch.
Pure Nickel — The primary electric string alloy used in the 50s and early 60s. Its lower magnetic properties deliver slightly warmer, "broken in" tone preferred by many vintage enthusiasts.
High Carbon Steel — A round cross section high-carbon steel alloy wire used in what is commonly referred to as "plain steel" strings.
NYXL Steel — D'Addario exclusive improved round high-carbon steel "plain steel" string which provide more strength and 131% greater tuning stability by utilizing a completely reinvented wire drawing process coupled with a revolutionary "fusion twist" process for the plain steels.
Clear Nylon — The traditional standard for classical strings, this material has a balance of warmth, brightness and projection with an ultra-smooth surface preferred by many professionals for its comfortable nail contact.
Black Nylon — A monofilament nylon material considered to have a warmer, mellower tone than clear nylon.
Composite — A monofilament composite material which delivers increased brightness and projection for 3rd/G strings on classical guitars. This material provides a more balanced volume transition between basses and trebles on classical instruments.
Rectified Nylon — Each treble string is ground using our exclusive centerless grinding technique. Roundness and dimension control are unsurpassed ensuring absolutely perfect intonation.
Nyltech — An exclusive combination of materials designed to deliver nylon with an optimal combination of warm, yet punchy tone, comfortable playability, precise intonation and tuning stability
Titanium — a dense monofilament material that has a translucent purple hue and a polished, smooth feel. This unique material has a bright tone and increased projection, resulting in more volume, clarity and dynamics
Carbon — Also referred to as Fluorocarbon, these high projecting tone and responsive polymer based strings are exclusively designed with precise diameter specifications for superior intonation.
Gauge — The finished diameter of a string.
Tension — The amount of pressure a string is under when tuned to pitch. This is also dependent upon your scale length measurement.
Note — You may switch between the units of measure that you are comfortable with by using the radial buttons marked in (inches) and mm (millimeters) for gauge, and lbs. (pounds) and kg (kilograms) for tension. For the tension value, you may also use as many numbers after the decimal points as you are comfortable providing.